10 most significant stock chart patterns

In trading stocks, effective analysis of charts will aid the investor and trader in carrying out trades in the marketplace. These patterns are represented by successions of price movement in certain stocks that assist traders to foresee future trends in the markets that would enable effective trading. Our chosen 10 patterns below will give a brief look at the key patterns that are vital for every trader to understand. These patterns are equally beneficial both to a person with little experience in trading or an experienced trader because they can be used to complement one’s way of trading and maximize this ways’ probability of being right.

Head and Shoulders

In fact, the H&S pattern, particularly the right-shoulder bottom, is one of the most legitimate reversal patterns in the market. It consists of three peaks: the main spire that is proportionately taller than the two smaller spire-like structures on either side that are referred to as shoulders. This pattern makes it easier for traders to predict that the stock will shift from a rising trend and move downwards. The lows connected following each peak defined a confirmation level for the neckline. Conclusively, when the price breaks below the neckline of an H&S pattern, it forms a sell signal.

Inverse Head and Shoulders

The Inverse Head and Shoulders pattern is just like the Head and Shoulders pattern only with an opposite image. It is drawn at the end of a trend that is downward and hints at a likely turn and a new trend of upward direction. The features of this pattern include three troughs in total and the middle one is referred to as the head while the outer ones are called shoulders and are higher than the head. In cases where it forms an upside break over the neckline, one can consider it as a buying signal.

Double Top

Another reversal pattern is the Double Top pattern, which indicates that the trend is bullish and is about to reverse. It emerges when an upward move is prolonged and can complete a double top pattern when these two peaks are of similar height. This pattern is also verified when the price touches the support level created between two low points or troughs fails to reverse up instead it drops below it. This could be a signal that there is a short-selling opportunity in the market and this perhaps explains why the prices of many products have continued to skyrocket in the various markets across the globe.

Double Bottom

As the name suggests it is an upward reversal pattern, formed after a down chart pattern and is the sign of a bullish trend. It is described by a high amplitude waveform consisting two low points in the same line with one high point in between. This pattern means that it is expected the stock price will rise further after the breaking of a resistance level in the form of the local peak between the low points. This breakout could be viewed as a signal of a possible double bottom and an opportunity to buy.

Cup and Handle

The Cup and Handle pattern is one of the forms of bullish continuation patterns and the origin of the name is in the fact that the pattern looks like a cup of tea with a handle. The body part of the cup is formed after the entire piece has gained its required consolidation while the second part that has comparatively less consolidation is used to form the handle.This is verified when the price surpasses the said resistance level that has been shaped by the rim of the cup. As a result of supporting the breakout, the bulls can be expected to continue driving the price up, signaling that buyers should enter the market.

Rounding Bottom

The Rounding Bottom is a complex turning bullish pattern but it could take a long time to form and has a ‘saucer’ form. It is characterized by a curved line given the fact that the stock price increases and later on starts to decrease gradually and slowly progresses up again. This pattern indicates that a reversal of the direction of the price trend to bullish can be expected when the price goes above the horizontal line joining the start and end of the pattern.

Flag and Pennant

Flag and Pennant formations are both fly patterns, short-term patterns that depict consolidation before the continuation of the current trend. For the Flag pattern, it is bounded by a rectangular shape, with the Pennant pattern having a look of a small symmetrical triangle. Both patterns are formed after the shift to the price momentum known as the flagpole and imply that the similar trend will persist after the breakout. These patterns give a signal when to buy a certain product or currencies and when to sell based on the previous trends.

Ascending Triangle

Ascending Triangle is a continuation pattern trading pattern that forms when a stock/bullish market is enclosed by a rising ‘support line’ and a horizontal ‘resistance’ line. This formation points towards the fact that buyers are slowly taking charge and therefore, a break above this resistance level can be considered as a signal of a buying opportunity. The second pattern is another ascending triangle because the highs are moving higher; this suggests that the buying pressure is on the rise.

Descending Triangle

The Descending Triangle pattern is a technical pattern that maintains its bearish characteristics, including an overall downward sloping resistance trend line and a flat support line. This pattern develops during an appreciation of prices and demonstrates that the sellers are in control. When prices fall below the support level, it is considered a trading signal that the sellers are dominating. The pattern of minor lows and lower highs conceals growing selling pressure in the stock.

Symmetrical Triangle

Based on the title; The Symmetrical Triangle pattern means that it can suggest that the stock trends will continue in the existing direction. They are double support, single support, and resistance barriers that form a ‘V’ shape pattern. This pattern sends a clear signal of some type of consolidation before the next greater price movement. The direction of the breakout place whether the resistance level is above or the support level is below is the trading signal to buy or to sell.


The equitable 10 major patterns of stock charts can provide a boost in your trading plan thus merits identification. Through these patterns analysis, traders can gain useful information to determine good trading opportunities as well as risks involved in trading processes. No specific pattern can undoubtedly lead to success but incorporating technical analysis with other exchanges tools and techniques raise the probability of making successful trades. It’s critical to advance the acquired knowledge and skills and to build the confidence of a trader.

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